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英文閱讀:A+ Certification《A+認證》
撰文者: Wayne 發表日期: August 1, 2010 – 8:33 am

根據版主多年的中進英翻譯經驗,許多「好賺」卻「無趣」的案件都是翻譯科技類的文章,這類文章最大的特點就是寫作方式中規中矩。版主看過許多英文高手 (母語不是英語的人) 的文章,有些人用字遣詞很活,但結構卻不甚嚴謹,這可能跟個人閱讀習慣有關。常年只讀英文小說的譯者若要將枯燥但嚴謹的科技類文章翻譯成英文時,功力不夠的常會遇到捉襟見肘的窘境,翻譯的品質可能無法達到國外翻譯社的要求。

華人翻譯科技文章時通常會遇到幾個難關:

1. 如何快速理解文章背後的專業知識。 

2. 如何找到或想出嚴謹的英文句型來傳達譯文的意思。

3. 如何將鬆散的中文句型塞入想出的英文句型中。

4. 如何精確掌握冠詞與名詞單複數用法。

5. 如何掌控代名詞,讓西方讀者閱讀譯文時思緒不會被打斷。

中翻英是非常有趣的工作,但其對於譯者英文功力的要求也比較高。前面提及的幾項困境都是版主日後要開闢專欄來討論的內容,原因無他,中‧英文的結構差異太大,在優美的中文與漂亮的英文之間轉換是門精緻的文字遊戲。

要奠定堅實的中翻英技巧,就必須大量閱讀相關文章。版主認為,從閱讀簡單的英文科技文章入手,不失為一種打好基礎的方式。今天版主就貼一篇科技文章,畫底線或粗體文字都是該注意的重點,有興趣的讀者可以重複精讀文章內容,相信必能有所收穫。聚沙成塔、滴水穿石,網友若能持續不懈,一步一腳印地走下去,日後必能開花結果,步出康莊大道。

 

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What Is A+ Certification?

The A+ certification program was developed by the Computer Technology Industry Association (CompTIA) to provide an industry-wide means of certifying the competency of computer service technicians. The A+ certified “diploma,” which is granted to those who have attained the level of knowledge and trouble-shooting skills that are needed to provide capable support in the field of personal computers, is similar to other certifications in the computer industry. For example, Novell offers the Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) program to provide the same recognition for network professionals who deal with its NetWare products, and Microsoft has it Microsoft Certified Service Engineer (MCSE) program. The theory behind these certifications is that if you need to have service performed on any of their products, you would sooner call a technician who has been certified in one of the appropriate certification programs than you would just call the first “expert” in the phone book.

The A+ certification program was created to offer a wide-ranging certification, in the sense that it is intended to certify competency with personal computers from many different makers/vendors. There are two tests required to become A+ certified. You must pass the A+ Core Hardware Service Technician exam, which covers basic computer concepts, hardware troubleshooting, customer service, and hardware upgrading. You must also pass the A+ Operating System Technologies exam, which covers the DOS and Windows operating environments. You don’t have to take the Core Hardware and the Operating System Technologies exams at the same time; you have 90 days from the time you pass one test to pass the second test. The A+ certified “diploma” is not awarded until you’ve passed both tests.

 

Why Become A+ Certified?
There are several good reasons to get your A+ certification. The CompTIA Candidate’s Information packet lists five major benefits.

1. It demonstrates proof of professional achievement.
A+ certification is quickly becoming a status symbol in the computer service industry

2. It increases your marketability.
A+ certification makes individuals more marketable to potential employers. Also, A+ certified employees may receive a higher base salary, because employers won’t have to spend as much money on vendor-specific training.

3. It provides greater opportunity for advancement in your field.
Most raises and advancements are based on performance. A+ certified employees work faster and more efficiently, thus making them more productive.

4. It is increasingly found as a requirement for some types of advanced training.
A+ certification is recognized by most major hardware vendors, including (but not limited to) IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Apple, and Compaq. Some of these vendors will apply A+ certification toward prerequisites in their own respective certification programs.

5. It raises customer confidence in you and your company’s services. 
As the A+ certified technician moniker becomes more well known among computer owners, more of them will realize that the A+ technician is more qualified to work on their computer equipment than a non-certified technician is. 

(Resource) : A+ Complete Study Guide (Deluxe Edition) — published by SYBEX

 

 

translation

(解說)

◎ certify = 認證
這篇將認證 (certify) 這個單字以不同方式呈現

* A+ certification
* The A+ certification program
* The A+ certified diploma
* offer a wide-ranging certification
* become A+ certified
* get one’s A+ certification = become A+ certified

網友如果能夠看出這種變化,學習模仿後再善加運用,必能寫出嚴謹卻又不單調的科技英文。 

◎ Sooner do sth (than do sth) (fml) rather do sth 寧願做某事
* She would sooner resign than take part in such dishonest business deals. 

◎ must = 必須
* 使用 must 就表示只能滿足這項條件,網友在此最好不要用 have to,否則會讓人誤解可能還有其他方式可取得認證。    

◎ wide-ranging = covering a wide area 廣泛的

◎ in the sense that = way in which a word, sentence, etc is to be understood. 就字面意義來看 /從…的角度來看
* 這種句型可用來補充說明前面的句子,把話說得更為清楚。網友可從作者的邏輯來細心體會這種英文寫法。

◎ not … until = 直到 …才

◎ It demonstrates proof of professional achievement.  
* demonstrates = provides = represents

◎ is quickly becoming… = 表示狀態的進行與持續

◎ base salary = 底薪

◎ specific = relating to one particular thing 特定的

◎ apply … toward prerequisites = 把某件事列為前提或必要條件
* 這種寫法很好用,科技文章時常用到。

◎ respective = belonging to each as an individual 個別的
* They each excel in their respective fields. (他們在各自的領域都非常出色。)
* The salesclerks and the teachers got pay rises of 6% and 9% respectively. (店員和教師的工資分別增加百分之六和百分之九。) – Yahoo! 字典例句

 

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