英文「現在進行式」的使用時機 (3)
撰文者: Wayne 發表日期: March 16, 2009 – 10:08 am


這是英文『現在進行式』講解的第三部份,其餘部份在『英文「現在進行式」的使用時機 (1)』、『英文「現在進行式」的使用時機 (2)』、『英文「現在進行式」的使用時機 (4)』。

4. 表個人安排好的「近期未來」的行動或事件


“I’ve got to go. My bus is leaving at six.”

(比較) 其他時態也可表達近期將要發生的事件。請參照下面兩個英文例句:
My bus leaves at six.
(我要搭的巴士將在六點出發。) – 定期定時的通勤巴士,也可單純敘述未來

The shuttle bus will be leaving at 6:45.

“Hey, are you taking off (= leaving)?” (你要走啦?)
“Yeah, I’ve got class in five minutes.” (嗯,還有五分鐘就上課了。)

We are visiting Tom tonight.
(我們今晚要拜訪湯姆) -早已經跟湯姆約定好 (personal arrangement)

He’s arriving tomorrow morning.
(他將於明天早上抵達) -早已經通知抵達的時間 (fixed plan)

“Danny, hurry up! You have exactly fifteen minutes to get your ass back up here or we’re leaving without you.”
(丹尼,快點!我只給你15 分鐘,馬上給我滾過來,要不然我們就要丟下你了。)

– Champagne, huh?
– Yes.
– Celebrating?
– Do you want some?
– Sure.
– I’m done. You can take the rest with you.
– Oh. Um…No, thanks.
– Take it. I’m done.
– No. I’m driving. (我待會還要開車)

(不妥的敘述) – 多年前國中課本的錯誤寫法
Judy and Sarah are cooking dinner at home this evening. Paul will eat with them.

It’s evening time. Judy and Sarah are cooking (dinner) in the kitchen. Paul is coming to join them for dinner.  
// will -提供資訊或說明意願,現在進行式則表達背景資訊或說明近期的行程。

5.  跟頻率副詞來表示重複動作/事情


I’m continually running into Paul these days.
(我這陣子一直遇到保羅。)- 意外

Granny’s nice. She’s always giving people little presents.
(Granny人很好。她總是會給人小禮物。) – 讚許

He is always telling me “do this” or “do that”.
(他老是叫我做這或做那。) – 抱怨

Flex is always shouting at his subordinates for/about not getting things done properly.
(富來克斯老是對他的下屬大呼小叫,罵他們沒有做好事情。) – 抱怨

She’s always losing her keys.
(他老是掉鑰匙。) – 抱怨/意外

Since the launch of our service, we have been overwhelmed with the level of orders we have received and many of our customers are so impressed with their first orders that they are continuously returning for more.


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