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電影賞析:《菲利普葛拉斯 12 樂章》(Glass: A Portrait of Philip in Twelve Parts)
撰文者: jimmy 發表日期: March 19, 2009 – 12:59 pm

Glass:A Portrait of Philip in Twelve Parts

如果以藝術的眼光來看,這是一部非常精彩的紀錄片。這部影片,是經由一位藝術家的推薦,她是許芳宜,史上最年輕的薪傳獎得主,瑪莎‧葛蘭姆舞團的首席舞者,2005 年獲頒五等景星勳章,去年看了她的口述傳記─『怕我和世界不一樣』(天下文化出版社),感受她用生命起舞的熱情,用毅力克服困難的態度,偶然在電視看到蔡詩萍對她的專訪,又再度憶起這位揚名國際舞壇的頂尖舞者,在個人的部落格中,她說:「菲利普葛拉斯:12樂章,是2008年我覺得最好看的電影。」

一開場,導演史考特‧希克斯 (Scott Hicks) 就 take 坐在雲宵飛車上的葛拉斯,這是很高明的手法,雲宵飛車如同音樂,有高低起伏,有快有慢,有澎湃也有低語,快板樂章驟然結束的那個音符,有時可與雲宵飛車的急停煞車相互輝映。此時葛拉斯的旁白:「我從來不為別人的觀點所左右…世上的音樂何其多,你不必然得聽我的,有莫札特或披頭四,你就聽聽別的,不一定要聽這個,帶著我的祝福去聽聽其他的音樂吧」,則充分顯示了作曲家對於音樂創作的堅持與理念。

本片除了介紹菲利普葛拉斯的低限音樂 (Minimal Music) 外,和美國照相寫實主義畫家恰克‧克羅斯 (Chuck Close) 的深厚情誼,也多有著墨,同時讓大導演伍迪‧艾倫及法蘭‧西柯西斯,現身說法談談與菲利普葛拉斯合作的經驗。

所謂低限音樂,是一種以一個或數個短小的動機,不斷反覆、延伸、堆疊、發展的音樂,乍聽之下似乎只是不斷的反覆,但仔細聆聽,卻有細微的變化。所謂照相寫實主義,又稱超寫實主義,是將人頭照片放大約5~10倍,然後投射到畫上格子的畫布上,再用噴槍筆逐格作畫,通常一幅畫的完成約需三至六個月。

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(版主的英文評論)

Scott Hicks’ Glass: A Portrait Of Philip In Twelve Parts is a mosaic film portrait of one of the greatest artists of all time: legendary composer Philip Glass. This film starts with his annual ride on the Coney Island Cyclone roller coaster. Glass’ life is all about music, which is just like a roller coaster, with all the hills, vertical drops, corkscrews, and loops.

Allowed full access to Glass’ working process, the director followed Glass with a casual, immediate honesty, giving viewers a singular revelation into the life of this surprising and complex composer. This documentary introduces Glass’ Minimal Music, features performance footage of his collaboration with avant-guard stage director Robert Wilson, and presents interviews with Glass’ long time collaborators Woody Allen and artist Chuck Close.

Minimalist Music is a genre of experimental music that is largely based on consonant harmony, steady pulse, stasis, and reiteration of musical phrases or smaller units. The idea of minimalism is linked to any music that works with limited or minimal materials: pieces that use only a few notes and pieces that use one basic rumble for a long time.

Similarly, Photorealism, or Superrealism, develops as a reaction to the detachment of Minimalism. As one of Photorealism major players, Chuck Close uses paints and brushes, but he sees the world through the lens of a camera, creating a link between representational systems of painting and photography. He uses a grid technique to enlarge a photograph and reduce each square to formal elements of design. Each grid is its own little work of art. In genral, it takes around 3 to 6 months for an artist to make one photorealistic piece.

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