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英文文法專題討論 (2)
撰文者: Wayne 發表日期: March 24, 2009 – 9:55 am

《英文文法專題討論》是版主匯整目前個人仍覺困擾的項目,將其獨立出來,以便日後可隨時參考。這些屬於必要但高級的文法課題,如有需要版主會隨時貼文。本篇淺談英美人士如何用說明「過去的ㄧ般能力」與「過去用能力完成的事項」。

1. 過去能力: 一般能力

(用法):could / be able to

Mary could read when she was four.
= Mary was able to read when she was four.
(瑪莉四歲時就會閱讀。)

Professor Wu could speak ten languages.
(吳教授會說十種語言。)

2. 過去能力:以能力完成的單一事件

(用法):be able to /managed to / succeeded in + Ving

How many eggs were you able to get?
(你當時能拿到幾個蛋?)

I managed to find a really nice dress in the sale. 
(我在拍賣時找到一件不錯的連身裙。)

In spite of these insults, John managed not to get angry.
(即便當時受到這些屈辱,約翰依舊耐住性子,沒有發火。)

After six hours’ climbing, we succeeded in getting to the top of the mountain.
(攀爬六小時之後,我們終於成功攻頂。)

3. 過去能力:以能力完成的單一事件 (使用 could)

搭配的動詞包含:see, hear, taste, feel, smell, understand, remember, guess

I could smell burning.
(我當時可以聞到燒焦味。)

I could understand everything she said.
(我當時可以瞭解她所說的話。)

**(附屬子句)
I’m glad you could come.
(很高興你當時來了。)

**(否定句)
I managed to find the street, but I couldn’t find her home.
(街道是找著了,但找不到她的住所。)

**(limiting adverb)
I could only get six eggs.
(我只能找到六顆蛋。)

**(negative adverb)
She could hardly believe her eyes.
(她幾乎不相信她所看見的。)






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